Lawful Permanent Residents (LPRs) who have remained outside the United States for more than one year and did not obtain a reentry permit from U.S. Citizenship & Immigration Service (USCIS) are considered to have abandoned their residency. However, some may qualify for an SB-1 returning resident visa. To qualify as a returning resident, you must prove that you did not intend to give up your residency when you left the United States, and you could not return for reasons beyond your control and for which you were not responsible. This is a difficult standard to meet, so applicants should carefully consider the criteria before applying for a returning resident visa. Payment for this service cannot be refunded if you fail to meet the qualification. Detailed information on the SB-1 returning resident visa can be found here.
The SB-1 visa application process consists of two steps: (1) qualifying for returning resident status and, if approved, (2) the immigrant visa application.
To make an appointment and begin the SB-1 application process in Lima, please visit the Visa Appointment Service website. Please create an account and then choose “I am a returning U.S. Legal Permanent Resident (LPR) and require re-entry authorization to the United States.”
On the day of your interview, you must bring the following to the Embassy:
- A completed Application to Determine Returning Resident Status, Form DS-117.
- Funds to pay the $180 non-refundable fee. You can pay the fee in U.S. dollars, Peruvian soles, or with Visa or MasterCard at the U.S. Embassy on the day of your appointment.
- Your Permanent Resident Card or Reentry Permit (current or expired).
- Valid passport.
- Your Peruvian migration, issued by the Peruvian Immigration Authority (Av. España 734, Breña).
- Documents that prove the reason(s) you were unable to return to the United States within a year were beyond your control.
If you come to the interview appointment without any of these required documents, you may be asked to reschedule. If the Consular Officer approves your DS-117 form, he/she will provide instructions for completing the next step of the SB-1 visa application process. If you have any additional questions regarding scheduling, please contact the Visa Appointment Service.